From 1d4chan

The Bladesinger is a Dungeons & Dragons gish class associated with the elf race, and particularly the elves of the Forgotten Realms. To many, it is seen as a source of skub, with even shameless elf-aficionados often regarding the original lore for the class as cringe-worthy.

At its basic concept, the bladesinger is an elven warrior-wizard with some bardic overtones, who learns to simultaneously fight in melee and cast spells. Members of an elite society, bladesingers are supposed to be dedicated to the protection of elves and the preservation of elf culture.


The very first appearance of the Bladesinger was in Advanced Dungeons & Dragons, as one of the kits provided for elf fighter/mages in the Complete Book of Elves.

The AD&D Bladesinger is an elf- and half-elf-only kit that requires 13s in Strength and Constitution and 15s in Dexterity and Intelligence, as well as the base class of fighter/mage. A bladesinger chooses a single iconic weapon, which must be a one-handed weapon or a versatile (can be used with one hand or both hand) weapon. They get +1 to attack rolls and damage rolls with this weapon - which stacks with the +1 for being an elf armed with a longsword or shortsword, but not with anything else - but suffer a -1 penalty to all other weapons, which stacks with normal non-proficiency penalties, and lose their normal elven aptitude with a bow.

Their training manifests in three special ways. Firstly, bladesingers get a +1 bonus per 4 levels to all attempts to perform a special combat maneuver, which mostly serves to negate the normal penalties for trying a disarm attack or whatever. Secondly, they can still defend themselves whilst casting a spell, with an AC bonus to frontal attacks whilst spellcasting equal to level divided by two, plus one, and with fractions rounded down. Finally, they have mastered the art of casting with only one hand, although this still increases all casting times by 2.

For hindrances... first and foremost, they're supposed to advance elven causes and protect elves whenever possible, and failing to help an elf is a huge social blow - thankfully, unlike the Paladin, this doesn't result in direct powers loss. For another major weakness, although they have better martial training than most fighter/mages, they can still only wear elven chain, studded leather, or lighter types of armor without penalty; anything heavier than this inflicts a -2 penalty to their attacks. Finally, they can't use either shields or two-handed weapons; they need at least one hand free to cast with, after all!

The bladesinger tends to be regarded as something of a microcosm of the poor aspects of AD&D design philosophy: that being, downsides that rely on luck, block you from doing already-suboptimal things, have no mechanical impact, or incentivize players to create problems. Sure, you were essentially locking yourself into wearing light armor and using a longsword, but that scarcely matters when that was already the best strategy for an elf fighter/mage: heavier armor penalizes spellcasting, and elves already get racial bonuses with longswords, which is one of the best melee weapons in AD&D as-is (and even if you got disarmed, longswords are common enough that you could easily find a backup). The loss of archery is counterbalanced heavily by the fact that (being mages and all), a bladesinger could simply toss a blasting spell at any opponent they couldn't reach and do considerably better damage in the process. The social drawbacks, in practice, have no mechanical impact and can therefore be wholly ignored by the player, and if they did, then this would often result in an outcast from elven society who proceeds to go full murderhobo, while if they didn't, this would often risk bogging down the campaign. The high stat requirements just ensure that any bladesinger player is also probably going to have a stat edge on their teammates, as well as encouraging erstwhile munchkins to "roll at home." All these factors combined made bladesinger a major calling card of elf-focused That Guys in its heyday.

3rd Edition[edit]

In 3rd edition, the Bladesinger is presented in Races of Faerun as a 10 level long Prestige Class only accessible to Elves and Half-Elves. It requires a Base Attack Bonus of +5, 4 ranks in the Concentration skill, 3 Ranks in the Perform skill (Song and Dance), 3 ranks in the Tumble skill, the feats of Combat Casting, Dodge, Expertise, Still Spell, and Weapon Focus (Longsword or Rapier), and the ability to cast 1st level arcane spells.

Bladesingers gain proficiency with Light Armor (though their class features are useless in anything heavier), an array of new spells per day of 1st through 4th levels, three bonus feats from a special list (Any Metamagic, Combat Reflexes, Improved Critical (Longsword), Improved Disarm, Mobility, Quick Draw, Spring Attack, Whirlwind Attack), and five "Songs".

Bladesong grants a Dodge bonus to the Bladesinger's AC equal to their Intelligence bonus, so long as they have one hand free and are wielding a longsword or a rapier with the other.

Lesser Spellsong means that when a Bladesinger benefits from Bladesong, they also gain the ability to take 10 on Concentration checks when casting defensively.

Song of Celerity means that when a Bladesinger benfits from Bladesong and uses the full attack action, they can also cast any arcane spell with a casting time of 1 action or less as a free action. Which, coincidentally, also covers their iconic "bladesinger spells" like

Greater Spellsong means that Bladesingers ignore the arcane spell failure chance of Light Armor.

Finally, Song of Fury means that when a Bladesinger benefits from Bladesong and uses the full attack action, they can choose to inflict one extra attack that round, at the cost of inflicting a -2 penalty on all attacks that round.

Dungeons & Dragons 3rd Edition Classes
Player's Handbook: Barbarian - Bard - Cleric - Druid - Fighter - Monk
Paladin - Ranger - Rogue - Sorcerer - Wizard
Player's Handbook II: Beguiler - Dragon Shaman - Duskblade - Knight
Complete Adventurer: Exemplar - Ninja - Scout - Spellthief
Complete Arcane: Warlock - Warmage - Wu jen
Complete Divine: Favored Soul - Shugenja - Spirit Shaman
Complete Psionic: Ardent - Divine Mind - Erudite - Lurk
Complete Warrior: Hexblade - Samurai - Swashbuckler
Dragon Compendium: Battle Dancer - Death Master - Jester
Mountebank - Savant - Sha'ir - Urban Druid
Dragon Magazine: Sha'ir - Deathwalker - Fleshcrafter - Soul Reaper
Dragon Magic: Dragonfire Adept
Dungeonscape: Factotum
Eberron Campaign Setting: Artificer
Heroes of Horror: Archivist - Dread Necromancer
Magic of Incarnum: Incarnate - Soulborn - Totemist
Miniatures Handbook: Favored Soul - Healer - Marshal - Warmage
Ghostwalk: Eidolon (Eidoloncer)
Oriental Adventures: Samurai - Shaman - Shugenja - Sohei - Wu jen
Psionics Handbook: Psion - Psychic Warrior - Soulknife - Wilder
Tome of Battle: Crusader - Swordsage - Warblade
Tome of Magic: Binder - Shadowcaster - Truenamer
War of the Lance: Master
NPC Classes: Adept - Aristocrat - Commoner - Expert - Magewright - Warrior
Second Party: Mariner - Mystic - Noble - Prophet
Class-related things: Favored Class - Gestalt character - Multiclassing
Prestige Class - Variant Classes - Epic Levels - Racial Paragon Classes

4th Edition[edit]

In 4th edition, the Swordmage was introduced in the Player's Guide to Faerun as a spiritual successor to the Bladesinger, only with pretty much none of its original fluff. The Swordmage was described as an Arcane Defender; a warrior-wizard tradition that specialized in the use of one-handed weapons and spells that augmented its defense, boosted its mobility, and gave it lots of elementally charged or mystically empowered attack options. Want to Force Choke a bitch? Throw your sword and turn it into a ricocheting lightning bolt before summoning it back to your hand? Sketch sigils in the air with your sword that make fuckers explode? The Swordmage had you covered.

Still... even with the fluff that it was very popular amongst eladrin, the Swordmage wasn't a "true" conversion of the Bladesinger of old. So, when Essentials took over and WoTC released the Neverwinter Campaign Setting, they introduced a new Bladesinger class. This was an Arcane Controller, a Wizard variant that was noted by fluff should be restricted to eladrin, elves and half-elves, and which keyed its abilities off of Intelligence and Dexterity, in contrast to the Int/Str focus of the swordmage. Its major difference to a wizard was its class features, which mechanically supported the idea of a warrior-mage who forsook armor but wielded a one-handed sword instead of a traditional wand or staff.

Like all Essentials classes, it went for a "simpler" approach to class design, locking itself into a singular identity for focusing on gaining features across levels as it advanced and relying exclusively on a combination of magic-boosted basic melee attacks, daily spells, and features that grant it bonus basic melee attacks. Yeah, that's right, this class gets no encounter attacks powers, period; only a handful of Encounter utilities.

At first level, it gains the following features:

  • Instinctive Attack: Melee basic attacks with one-handed weapons key off of Int rather than Str. Basically a built-in but suckier version of the "Intelligent Blademaster" feat that almost all Swordmages take.
  • Guarded Flourish: Whilst holding a one-handed melee weapon, your ranged attacks and area attacks do not provoke opportunity attacks - also, you gain a +2 shield bonus to AC if you're also wearing light armor or no armor.
  • Blade Magic: Pick one Light Blade or Heavy Blade category weapon that you have proficiency with; you treat that weapon as an Implement for your spellcasting, though it can still only hold weapon-specific enchantments. It also "counts as a wand for you", but the book doesn't clarify what this actually means - presumably, it functions as per the normal Wizard's Wand of Accuracy feature and/or it grants a bonus for "added in" wizard spells that specifically key off of being used with a Wand.
  • Bladesong: You have an Encounter Utility power called Bladesong, which grants you a +2 bonus to attack rolls, a +2 bonus to all defense rolls, and a +5 bonus to damage rolls (+10 at 17th, +15 at 27th) until the end of your next turn. It only works if you're wielding a one-handed melee weapon and not wielding a shield.
  • Bladesinger's Spellbook: Like a Wizard, you select 2 powers whenever you are allowed to learn new spells that are not at-will attacks. Unlike a wizard, you only learn encounter attacks (which, for you, function as daily attacks) and utility spells.
  • Bladespells: You must take your 3 default at-will attacks from a special list of cantrips that have the Bladespell keyword, consisting of Dancing Fire, Dazzling Sunray, Frost Bite, Lightning Ring, Shadow Sever, and Unseen Hand. Bladespells differ from normal at-will attacks in that they are Triggered attacks, which go off automatically when you hit the target with a basic melee attack. You can only apply one Bladespell per hit, and they do... very little damage.

Also, you get 2 "Bladesinger Daily spells", 3 cantrips, and Magic Missile as a bonus at-will attack.

At level 3, you gain the Arcane Strike feature, which lets you make a melee basic attack as a minor action on your turn after using a bladesinger daily attack.

At level 7, you gain the Steely Retort feature, which lets you make a melee basic attack as an opportunity action whenever an adjacent enemy hits you whilst you have Bladesong active.

At level 11, you gain the following features:

  • Choir of Swords: When Bladesong is active, you can spend your action point to make a melee basic attack against all adjacent enemies as a standard action.
  • Boon Spell: You learn a bonus 7th level wizard encounter attack power, which functions as a daily power for you, and can prepare a bonus daily power each day.

At level 12, you gain the Bladesong Ballet feature, which lets you shift squares up to your speed as a move action whilst Bladesong is active.

At level 13, you gain the Unerring Bladespell feature, which lets you apply bladespells to foes you attack even if your strike misses. But only whilst your Bladesong power is active.

At level 16, you gain the Bladespell Step feature, which lets you teleport up to 5 squares as a free action after you use a bladespell power.

At level 20, you gain the Signature Spell feature, which grants you access to a level 19 Wizard Daily Attack spell of your choice.

Finally, at level 23, you gain the Bladespell Burst feature, which lets you apply the effects of a bladespell to all adjacent enemies after hitting one adjacent enemy, which you can do once per day.

Even amongst Essentials classes, the Bladesinger is widely considered terrible. At best, it's a Striker masquerading as a Controller, but even then, it's pretty badly designed. If you want to play a 1st level gish, play a Swordmage, at least you'll be able to fill your intended class role.

Dungeons & Dragons 4th Edition Classes
Player's Handbook 1: Cleric - Fighter - Paladin - Ranger - Rogue - Warlock - Warlord - Wizard
Player's Handbook 2: Avenger - Barbarian - Bard - Druid - Invoker - Shaman - Sorcerer - Warden
Player's Handbook 3: Ardent - Battlemind - Monk - Psion - Runepriest - Seeker
Heroes of X: Blackguard* - Binder* - Cavalier* - Elementalist* - Hexblade* - Hunter*
Mage* - Knight* - Protector* - Scout* - Sentinel*
Skald* - Slayer* - Sha'ir* - Thief* - Vampire* - Warpriest* - Witch*
Settings Book: Artificer - Bladesinger* - Swordmage
Dragon Magazine: Assassin
Others: Paragon Path - Epic Destiny

*·: Non-AEDU variant classes

5th Edition[edit]

In 5th edition, Bladesingers reared their heads once again as a new Arcane Tradition (subclass) for the Wizard in Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide, the dedicated Forgotten Realms splatbook of the edition. As with 4th edition, WoTC notes that traditional fluff decrees it should only be available to elves and half-elves, but it doesn't mechanically enforce this trait. Indeed, it outright encourages DMs to ignore that angle, either to run their preferred take on the realms or to transplant the Bladesinger to their own homebrew settings. Though it's worth noting that even with this rule in place, you could still justify a non-elf bladesinger by saying you learned it form on of your bladesisnger parents, who adopted you (or if in the case of a human, that one of your parents was a half-elf an the other a human).

Its 2nd level feature is Training in War and Song. This gives it Proficiency with the Performance skill, light armor, and a single one-handed martial melee weapon of the Bladesinger's choice. Swords are iconic, but as the sidebar notes, there's all kinds of styles, including axes, hammers, picks and whips (though the optimal choice is a rapier anyway, since it's finesse, which mans you get to enjoy the many benefits a high dex score offers, and the main benefit of playing a one-handed str fighter over a one-handed dex fighter is Heavy Armor, which you can't even use).

Its other 2nd level feature is Bladesong, the big "special attack" of the class, an ability to enter a state of supernatural speed, agility and focus as a bonus action. You can't use it if you're wielding a shield, or if you're wearing medium/heavy armor. Likewise, it can be ended early if you take up a shield, put such armor on, make a two-handed attack with your weapon, or are just incapacitated. So stick to the light armor and one-handed weapons if you wanna use it. You can use this feature twice per short rest, and unless ended early (which you can do voluntarily), it lasts for one minute. Whilst in Bladesong, you add your Intelligence modifier (min bonus is +1) to your Armor Class and to any Constitution checks you make to concentrate on spells, you increase your walking speed by 10 feet, and you gain advantage on Dexterity (Acrobatics) checks.

A Bladesinger gains the Extra Attack feature (attack twice when you use the Attack action for your turn) at level 6.

10th level unlocks the Song of Defense ability; whilst in Bladesong, a Bladesinger can expend spellslots when they take damage, reducing the damage by (spellslot level multipled by 5).

Finally, 14th level unlocks the Song of Victory feature, where Bladesong causes the Int bonus to apply to damage from the Bladesinger's melee weapon as well.

All in all, the 5e Bladesinger is not necessarily a bad subclass, but the fact it's got such a schizophrenic design - class features orientated towards melee combat, but wizard spells are predominantly aimed at being used at a distance - that it suffers, particularly when compared to the Swordmage of 4e, who had an entire arsenal of thematically-supporting close- to medium-ranged spells to back it up. It's telling that every fanmade guide to Bladesingers out there exhorts the player to grab the small handful of Swordmage spells that were officially converted to 5e as part of the Bladesinger's spell arsenal... or just ignore the martial aspect of the subclass entirely and play them like any other Wizard. People quickly noticed that almost all of the Bladesinger's actual class features make them hard to kill, something all squishy wizards welcome, and they don't take any penalties to casting for being a bladesinger so there's little reason to try to enter melee as one.

From another perspective, it's consistently the hardest class to kill in game beating out even eternal favorites like the abjuration/fighter dual class. The main conceit is not getting hit and instead using an AC that without reactions or bonus actions hovers at 20-24. Taken with the Elemental Evil Player's companion available for free (Absorb Element Spell), shield, blur, invisibility, mirror image or other defensive spells of your choice you become one of the best tanks in your party if not the best. All with the utility and insane late-game capabilities of a wizard. (Remeber you're a wizard who also swords, not a fighter who also knows spells, that would be an eldritch knight.) Your damage also remains consistently relevant.

The Bladesinger was finally reprinted in 2020 in the setting neutral splatbook "Tasha's Cauldron of Everything". In addition to dropping the "elf and half-elf only" restriction, the 2 major changes are that Bladesong changed from 2 uses per Short Rest to a number of uses per long rest equal to your proficiency bonus, as well as the ability to replace one of their two attacks per round at level 6 with the casting of a cantrip spell. While this generally means that you'll have less uses of Bladesong per day, replacing one attack per round with Booming Blade or Greenflame Blade sharply raises the Bladesinger's melee damage (especially at high levels) to the point of rivaling a baseline(no subclasses or feats considered) Fighter, providing the revised version with plenty of incentive to actually fight in melee while their Bladesong is up. While limited to cantrips, Eldritch Knights and Valor Bards need to wait until high levels in order to attack and cast in the same turn, giving the bladesinger a huge boost.

Dungeons & Dragons 5th Edition Classes
Barbarian - Bard - Cleric - Druid - Fighter - Monk
Paladin - Ranger - Rogue - Sorcerer - Warlock - Wizard
Tasha's Cauldron of Everything: Artificer - Expert - Spellcaster - Warrior
Van Richten's Guide to Ravenloft: Apprentice - Disciple - Sneak - Squire
Unearthed Arcana: Mystic