Kali is a Hindu goddess in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Called "Destructrix" (sometimes Parvati) she actually sees more veneration than Shiva. Some of her more-... enthusiastic followers joined the Thugee movement in India, basically Indian Assassins; although some Muslims joined as well. Either way the Brits and local authorities (often Muslim) put a brutal end to that shit.
"A fanged maw with a long coiling tongue lapping up drops of blood", according to Reddit. Based. So, so based. Advise not to put your dick in it, though.
Hinduism is a diverse phenomenon, we must stress; how this or that god is viewed will depend on one's location and on one's specific approach to the gods. Much as the Satan in Judaism could sometimes be God's prosecuting angel or an ex-angel, depending on the source; so with Hinduism, Kali might be a natural force of life and death, or the vengeful monster of the Thugs.
Naturally a goddess on the negative side of the ledger, in non-Hindus' storytelling, is going to be an antagonist. Temple of Doom was the least of it.
Dungeons & Dragons
|Aliases||The Black Mother|
|Divine Rank||Intermediate Goddess|
|Home Plane||Caverns of the Skull (Abyss)|
Kali rules at least one layer on The Abyss. Rick Swan described layer 500 in Tales of the Outer Planes, a jungle like Demogorgon's but India-themed. Late in 2e, Planescape gave her another layer, this one more cave-themed, we guess because the Temple of Doom generation had forgotten that the movie was easily the weakest in the series (up to the 1990s) and wanted to adventure somewhere like it.