Second Founding

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The Horus Heresy proved that, despite the Emperor's efforts, the Primarchs were not perfect; they could easily be led astray and fall to Chaos.

In order to prevent one man from gaining as much power as Horus had, the branches of the Imperial armed forces were separated, the Inquisition was founded, and the loyal Space Marine Legions were divided into Chapters of roughly one thousand Marines, in accordance with the Codex Astartes.

The Second Founding was not universally accepted; the Space Wolves and Imperial Fists, in particular, objected to dividing their Legions, and the Imperium was nearly torn apart by another civil war. For better or for worse, Leman Russ and Rogal Dorn finally relented, although the Black Templars have since grown their numbers to many more times the usual size - which is perfectly legal, since the Codex and the law allow "crusading chapters" to ignore the limitations due to the expectation of constant fatalities needing replacement. One must wonder how much less grimdark Warhammer 40K would be if the chapters all realized that they are all technically crusading, and even if they weren't, the Great Crusade never officially ended, therefore...yeah. Although that would very quickly turn every little Astartes secession party, like the Badab War, into another Horus Heresy.

List of Second Founding Chapters[edit]

Dark Angels[edit]

According to The Unforgiven by Gav Thorpe, the Angels didn't get started with their Inner Circle and Fallen Hunting until some decades after the Second Founding so it may be possible that some of the Dark Angels Second Founding chapters are exempted from this practice and hierarchy. Though since all twelve chapters were present at Cypher's revelation and that the majority of officers would have been veterans of the Horus Heresy and the Scouring, it's more likely that Unforgiven would been of one mind and joined willingly and any dissenting voices silenced or sworn to absolute secrecy. While much of the truth is lost to apocrypha and LIES, it does explain the Star Phantoms at least.

White Scars[edit]

Space Wolves[edit]

Imperial Fists[edit]

Blood Angels[edit]

Iron Hands[edit]

Ultramarines[edit]

The Apocrypha of Skaros indicates that the Ultramarines sired 23 chapters, but doesn't name them all. The listed second founding chapters are given below:

The rest of the second founding Ultramarines have been added piecemeal as time goes by.

Also note that the Ultramarines "adopted" some of the loyalist forces from otherwise traitorous legions and permitted them to call themselves Ultramarine Second Founding chapters.

The Scythes of the Emperor were the Ultramarines 199th Company on Sotha, who became the Ultramarines eleventh company as part of the second founding. But were eventually rolled into their own chapter during the Third Founding.

Salamanders[edit]

None, as there weren't enough Salamanders left after the Horus Heresy to fill one Chapter, let alone two.

Raven Guard[edit]

Grey Knights[edit]

The Grey Knights were not created from any of the Space Marine Legions, as their gene-seed was specially created by the God-Emperor of Mankind himself and their founding members were hand-picked by Malcador the Sigillite; many of them were loyalists who had formerly been a part of a Traitor Legion (e.g. Nathaniel Garro, Garviel Loken, and Iacton Qruze). They were founded to supply the newly-formed Inquisition with a strike force against future Chaos threats.

Unknown[edit]

Some chapters have histories which stretch back to the Second Founding, but who have deliberately obfuscated their parent legion for one reason or another.

Chapters of the Adeptus Astartes
First Founding (M29): Blood Angels - Dark Angels - Imperial Fists - Iron Hands - Raven Guard
Salamanders - Space Wolves - Ultramarines - White Scars
Second Founding (021.M31): Angels Encarmine - Angels of Absolution - Angels of Redemption - Angels of Vengeance
Angels Porphyr - Angels Sanguine - Angels Vermillion - Aurora Chapter - Black Consuls
Black Guard - Black Templars - Blood Drinkers - Brazen Claws - Crimson Fists - Destroyers
Doom Eagles - Eagle Warriors - Excoriators - Fists Exemplar - Flesh Tearers - Genesis Chapter
Inceptors - Iron Snakes - Libators - Lions Sable - Marauders - Mortifactors - Nemesis
Novamarines - Obsidian Glaives - Patriarchs of Ulixis - Praetors of Orpheus - Rampagers
Raptors - Red Talons - Revilers - Silver Eagles - Silver Skulls - Soul Drinkers - Storm Lords
White Consuls - Wolf Brothers
Third to Twelfth Founding
(M32-M35):
Astral Claws - Charnel Guard - Dark Paladins - Executioners - Flesh Eaters - Halo Brethren
Howling Griffons - Iron Knights - Mantis Warriors - Marines Malevolent - Night Swords
Sable Swords (initial) - Scythes of the Emperor - Space Sharks - Sons of Guilliman
Thirteenth Founding (M35): Death Spectres - Exorcists
Fourteenth to Twentieth Founding: Angels of Fire - Celebrants
Twenty-First Founding
(991.M35):
Black Dragons - Blood Gorgons - Fire Hawks
Flame Falcons - Lamenters - Minotaurs - Sons of Antaeus
Twenty-Second to
Twenty-Sixth Founding (M35-M41):
Angels of Vigilance - Celestial Lions - Disciples of Caliban - Fire Angels - Imperial Harbingers
Marines Errant - Mentors - Fire Claws/Relictors - Star Phantoms - Steel Cobras
Subjugators
Ultima Founding
(999.M41):
Angels of Defiance - Blades of Vengeance - Castellans of the Rift - Fulminators - Knights Cerulean
Knights of the Chalice - Knights of Thunder - Necropolis Hawks - Nemesors - Praetors of Ultramar
Rift Stalkers - Silver Drakes - Sons of the Phoenix - Storm Reapers - Umbral Knights - Void Tridents
Wolfspear
Unknown Founding: Angels Eradicant - Astral Knights - Blood Ravens - Blood Swords - Brothers Penitent
Crimson Scythes - Dark Hands - Death Eagles - Emperor's Spears - Fire Lords
Guardians of the Covenant - Hammers of Dorn - Invaders - Iron Talons - Knights of Blood
Knights Unyielding - Marines Exemplar - Night Watch - Rainbow Warriors - Red Hunters - Red Scorpions
Sable Swords (refounded) - Solar Hawks - Star Dragons - Storm Wardens - Valedictors
Viper Legion - Vorpal Swords
Unsanctioned Founding: Consecrators - Sons of Medusa - Steel Confessors
Others: Adeptus Custodes - Astartes Praeses - Deathwatch - Grey Knights
Timeline of Warhammer 40,000
The Times of Old Wars of Secession - War in Heaven (60.000.000 BC) - Fall of the Eldar (M30)
Pre-Heresy Age of Terra (M1-M15) - Dark Age of Technology (M15-M25) - Age of Strife (M25-M30)
Great Crusade (M31) The Last Church - Interex - Faash
Horus Heresy (M31) Battle of Isstvan III - The Burning of Prospero - Drop Site Massacre - Thramas Crusade
The Battle of Phall - Battle of Calth - Imperium Secundus - Siege of Terra
Time of Rebirth (M31-M32) The Great Scouring (M31) - Start of The Long War (M31) - The Legion Wars (M31)
The Battle of Skalathrax (M31) - Creation of the Codex Astartes (M31) - Second Founding (021.M31)
The Forging (M32-M34) The War of The Beast (544.M32-546.M32) - The Beheading (546.M32)
Nova Terra Interregnum (M34-M36) 21st Founding (M36)
Age of Apostasy (M36-37) Plague of Unbelief (310.M36)
Age of Redemption (M37-M38) Abyssal Crusade (321.M37-121.M38)
The Waning (M40-M41) Gothic War (143-151.M41) - The Macharian Crusade (392-399.M41) - The Macharian Heresy (400-470.M41)
Wars for Armageddon (444.M41, 941.M41 and 991.M41) - Damocles Crusade (742.M41)
Time of Ending (M41) The Vaxi Atrocity (731.M41) - First Tyrannic War (745-746.M41) - Siege of Vraks (813.M41-830.M41)
Massacre at Sanctuary 101 (897.M41) - Badab War (901-912.M41) - The Vaxhallian Genocide (926.M41)
Second Tyrannic War (990.M41-993.M41) - Third Tyrannic War (997.M41-999.M41) - Octarius War (999.M41)
13th Black Crusade (999.M41-ongoing)
Age of the Dark Imperium (M42-ongoing) Indomitus Crusade (M42) - Ultima Founding (M42) - Plague Wars (M42)