Second Founding

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The Horus Heresy proved that, despite the Emperor's efforts, the Primarchs were not perfect; they could easily be led astray and fall to Chaos.

In order to prevent one man from gaining as much power as Horus had, the branches of the Imperial armed forces were separated, the Inquisition was founded, and the loyal Space Marine Legions were divided into Chapters of roughly one thousand Marines, in accordance with the Codex Astartes.

The Second Founding was not universally accepted; the Space Wolves and Imperial Fists, in particular, objected to dividing their Legions, and the Imperium was nearly torn apart by another civil war. For better or for worse, Leman Russ was given an exemption to the Codex's requirements and Rogal Dorn finally relented, although the Black Templars have since grown their numbers to many more times the usual size - which is perfectly legal, since the Codex and the law allow "crusading chapters" to ignore the limitations due to the expectation of constant fatalities needing replacement. One must wonder how much less grimdark Warhammer 40K would be if the chapters all realized that they are all technically crusading, and even if they weren't, the Great Crusade never officially ended, therefore...yeah. Although that would very quickly turn every little Astartes secession party, like the Badab War, into another Horus Heresy. Well, not really, since all of the other Chapters would outnumber them even more badly than they did in the Badab War. Besides, they could always split up into more Chapters as "we're crusading but we want to show our sincere desire to avoid another Horus Heresy so we'll split our excess instead of keeping it". A nice way around the limitations and the High Lords can only grit their teeth at their loss of control. 1st Edition even says the Chapters are self-sufficient and build their own wargear and vehicles and stuff, too, so everything a Chapter needs could possibly be built by the parent Chapter.

List of Second Founding Chapters[edit]

Dark Angels[edit]

According to The Unforgiven by Gav Thorpe, the Angels didn't get started with their Inner Circle and Fallen Hunting until some decades after the Second Founding so it may be possible that some of the Dark Angels Second Founding chapters are exempted from this practice and hierarchy. Though since all twelve chapters were present at Cypher's revelation and that the majority of officers would have been veterans of the Horus Heresy and the Scouring, it's more likely that Unforgiven would been of one mind and joined willingly and any dissenting voices silenced or sworn to absolute secrecy. While much of the truth is lost to apocrypha and LIES, it does explain the Star Phantoms at least.

White Scars[edit]

Space Wolves[edit]

Imperial Fists[edit]

Blood Angels[edit]

Iron Hands[edit]

Ultramarines[edit]

The Apocrypha of Skaros indicates that the Ultramarines sired 23 chapters, but doesn't name them all. The listed second founding chapters are given below:

The rest of the second founding Ultramarines have been added piecemeal as time goes by.

Also note that the Ultramarines "adopted" some of the loyalist forces from otherwise traitorous legions and permitted them to call themselves Ultramarine Second Founding chapters.

The Scythes of the Emperor were the Ultramarines 199th Company on Sotha, who became the Ultramarines eleventh company as part of the second founding. But were eventually rolled into their own chapter during the Third Founding.

Salamanders[edit]

None, as there weren't enough Salamanders left after the Horus Heresy to fill one Chapter, let alone two.

Raven Guard[edit]

Grey Knights[edit]

The Grey Knights were not created from any of the Space Marine Legions, as their gene-seed was specially created by the God-Emperor of Mankind himself and their founding members were hand-picked by Malcador the Sigillite; many of them were loyalists who had formerly been a part of a Traitor Legion (e.g. Nathaniel Garro, Garviel Loken, and Iacton Qruze. Although all three were Knight-Errants, none of them ended up joining the Grey Knights in the end). They were founded to supply the newly-formed Inquisition with a strike force against future Chaos threats.

Unknown[edit]

Some chapters have histories which stretch back to the Second Founding, but who have deliberately obfuscated their parent legion for one reason or another.

Chapters of the Adeptus Astartes
First Founding
(M29):
Blood Angels - Dark Angels - Imperial Fists
Iron Hands - Raven Guard - Salamanders
Space Wolves - Ultramarines - White Scars
Second Founding
(021.M31):
Angels of Absolution - Angels Encarmine - Angels Porphyr
Angels of Redemption - Angels Sanguine - Angels of Vengeance
Angels Vermillion - Aurora Chapter - Black Consuls
Black Guard - Black Templars - Blood Drinkers
Brazen Claws - Crimson Fists - Destroyers
Doom Eagles - Eagle Warriors - Excoriators
Fists Exemplar - Flesh Tearers - Genesis Chapter
Inceptors - Iron Snakes - Libators
Lions Sable - Marauders - Mortifactors
Nemesis - Novamarines - Obsidian Glaives
Patriarchs of Ulixis - Praetors of Orpheus - Rampagers
Raptors - Red Talons - Revilers
Silver Eagles - Silver Skulls - Soul Drinkers
Storm Lords - White Consuls - Wolf Brothers
Third to
Twelfth Founding
(M32-M35):
Astral Claws - Angels Revenant - Charnel Guard
Dark Paladins - Executioners - Flesh Eaters
Halo Brethren - Howling Griffons - Iron Knights
Mantis Warriors - Marines Malevolent - Night Swords
Sable Swords (initial) - Scythes of the Emperor - Space Sharks
Sons of Guilliman
Thirteenth Founding
(M35):
Death Spectres - Exorcists
Fourteenth to
Twentieth Founding:
Angels of Fire - Avenging Sons - Celebrants
Twenty-First Founding
(991.M35):
Black Dragons - Blood Gorgons - Fire Hawks
Flame Falcons - Lamenters - Minotaurs
Sons of Antaeus
Twenty-Second to
Twenty-Sixth Founding
(M35-M41):
Angels of Vigilance - Celestial Lions - Dark Hunters
Disciples of Caliban - Emperor's Spears - Fire Angels
Imperial Harbingers - Iron Lords - Knights of the Raven
Marines Errant - Mentors - Fire Claws/Relictors
Star Phantoms - Subjugators
Ultima Founding
(999.M41):
Angels of Defiance - Blades of Vengeance - Castellans of the Rift
Fulminators - Knights Cerulean - Knights of the Chalice
Knights of Thunder - Necropolis Hawks - Nemesors
Praetors of Ultramar - Rift Stalkers - Silver Drakes
Silver Templars - Sons of the Phoenix - Storm Reapers
Umbral Knights - Unnumbered Sons - Valiant Blades
Void Tridents - Wolfspear
Unknown Founding: Absolvers - Accipiters - Adulators
Angel Guard - Angels Eradicant - Angels of Retribution
Astral Knights - Blood Ravens - Blood Swords
Brothers Penitent - Crimson Castellans - Crimson Consuls
Crimson Scythes - Dark Hands - Dark Sons
Death Eagles - Fire Lords - Guardians of the Covenant
Graven Spectres - Hammers of Dorn - Harbingers
Hawk Lords - Invaders - Iron Crusaders
Iron Talons - Jade Dragons - Knights of Blood
Knights Unyielding - Marines Exemplar - The Nameless
Night Watch - Rainbow Warriors - Reclaimers
Red Hunters - Red Scorpions - Red Seraphs
Sable Swords (refounded) - Solar Hawks - Sons of Orar
Star Dragons - Stormwatchers - Storm Giants
Storm Wardens - Valedictors - Viper Legion
Vorpal Swords - White Templars
Unsanctioned Founding: Consecrators - Sons of Medusa - Steel Confessors
Others: Astartes Praeses - Deathwatch - Grey Knights
Judged
Timeline of Warhammer 40,000
The Times of Old Wars of Secession - War in Heaven (60.000.000 BC) - Fall of the Eldar (M30)
Pre-Heresy Age of Terra (M1-M15) - Dark Age of Technology (M15-M25) - Age of Strife (M25-M30)
Great Crusade (M31) The Last Church - Rangdan Xenocides - Interex - Faash - Council of Nikaea
Horus Heresy (M31) Battle of Isstvan III - The Burning of Prospero - Drop Site Massacre - Thramas Crusade
The Battle of Phall - Battle of Calth - Signus Campaign - Imperium Secundus - Siege of Terra
Time of Rebirth (M31-M32) The Great Scouring (M31) - Start of The Long War (M31) - The Legion Wars (M31)
The Battle of Skalathrax (M31) - Creation of the Codex Astartes (M31) - Second Founding (021.M31)
The Forging (M32-M34) The War of The Beast (544.M32-546.M32) - The Beheading (546.M32)
Nova Terra Interregnum (M34-M36) 21st Founding (M36)
Age of Apostasy (M36-37) Plague of Unbelief (310.M36)
Age of Redemption (M37-M38) Abyssal Crusade (321.M37-121.M38)
The Waning (M40-M41) Gothic War (143-151.M41) - The Macharian Crusade (392-399.M41) - The Macharian Heresy (400-470.M41)
Wars for Armageddon (444.M41, 941.M41 and 991.M41) - Damocles Crusade (742.M41)
Time of Ending (M41) The Vaxi Atrocity (731.M41) - First Tyrannic War (745-746.M41) - Sabbat Worlds Crusade (755.M41-780.M41)
Siege of Vraks (813.M41-830.M41) - Massacre at Sanctuary 101 (897.M41) - Badab War (901-912.M41)
The Vaxhallian Genocide (926.M41) - Second Tyrannic War (990.M41-993.M41) - Third Tyrannic War (997.M41-999.M41)
Octarius War (999.M41) - 13th Black Crusade (999.M41-M42)
Age of the Dark Imperium (M42-ongoing) Indomitus Crusade (999.M41-111.M42) - Ultima Founding (M42) - War of Beasts (001.M42-025.M42) - Plague Wars (~111.M42) - Psychic Awakening (M42) - Dawn of Fire (M42)